Tracing St Patrick in 10 Steps

St Patrick’s Cathedrals, Armagh city
St Patrick’s Cathedrals, Armagh city

The tales and times of St Patrick have been told since 432AD. No Christian saint is more celebrated, no story more enduring. Come with us through the 10 steps of St Patrick’s Trail, along which, a legend was born.

1. Slemish Mountain, County Antrim

The story of St Patrick is a story of endurance. When he was just a teenager, St Patrick was captured in Wales and brought to the island to work as a slave herding sheep on Slemish Mountain, County Antrim. He spent six tough years on these heather-laden slopes with only sheep for company. But it was also here that Patrick found consolation in God. Today, you can walk the 1.2 mile trail up to the summit of Slemish, and look out on to the landscapes that inspired the saint himself.

2. Down Cathedral, County Down

Situated on the site of an ancient Benedictine monastery, Down Cathedral is where the mortal remains of Patrick were buried after his death in 461AD. It stands proud on Cathedral Hill, staring out across the town of Downpatrick. The exact site of St Patrick’s burial remains a mystery, but a carved Memorial Stone – made from local Mourne Mountain granite – traditionally marks his grave.

3. Saul Church, County Down

St Patrick escaped his slavery and fled the island, but he was called back to Ireland in a dream, and once he returned, he got busy converting pagans by the thousands. So effective was Patrick, that one new convert donated a barn in which Patrick could hold his services. This is now known as Saul Church and is where the Patrick lived leading up to his death. Both a commemorative church and replica round tower now stand on the site near a massive St Patrick statue on Slieve Patrick (you guessed it: named after the man himself).

4. Saint Patrick Centre, County Down

St Patrick is rooted at the centre of Ireland’s Christian heritage, and there are few more engaging places to learn about Patrick than The Saint Patrick Centre (the only exhibition in the world devoted to the patron saint). Those eager to learn more about Patrick and early Christian times can view collections of art and intricate metalwork from this period, as well as intriguing interactive displays. It’s a far cry from the cold and lonely spot on Slemish Mountain but more worthy the saint’s impact on Ireland’s people.

5. St Patrick’s Cathedrals, Armagh city

The small and beautiful city of Armagh is where you’ll find not one, but two gracious cathedrals named after the great saint. The Church of Ireland cathedral is on a site that in 445AD housed a church built by Patrick; while the neighbouring Roman Catholic cathedral has its roots in medieval times. In a more macabre twist, 1,000 years ago on Good Friday, 23 April 1014, the legendary High King of Ireland, Brian Boru, was killed at the Battle of Clontarf and buried in Armagh. His remains are said to be contained in the North Wall of the Church of Ireland Cathedral. To commemorate, you can follow Brian Boru’s trail between Killaloe, Cashel, Clontarf and Armagh.

6. Lough Derg, County Donegal

The enigmatic tranquility of Lough Derg sets the scene for two exceptional stories regarding St Patrick. One tale sees him hunting the last snake in Ireland here and turning the lake red with its blood. The other has Christ dramatically revealing the entrance to Hell to Patrick inside a cave. With drama like that in Lough Derg’s past, it’s little wonder this beautiful spot has been a spiritual destination ever since. With its calm waters, and isolated aspect, it still attracts pilgrims from all over the world.

7. The Rock of Cashel, County Tipperary

The Rock of Cashel, also known as St Patrick’s Rock, County Tipperary, is one of the most important heritage sites in Ireland. This grassy hill above the pretty Golden Vale town of Cashel, is where Patrick baptized Aenghus, the King of Munster – accidently stabbing him in the foot with a crozier while he was at it. This marked the end of paganism in Munster and ushered in a new era of Christianity. Enter the crumbling Cathedral walls, and 12th-century St Patrick’s Cross will prove intriguing: one face depicts Christ’s crucifixion, while the other shows an image of a bishop – some say the image of St Patrick himself.

8. St Patrick’s Well, County Tipperary

As peaceful retreats go, this tranquil valley just outside Clonmel, is so utterly beautiful, it would seem time has stood still since Patrick first discovered this idyll. According to legend, as Patrick was passing through, he stopped to bathe and baptize local people, and this spiritual haven is still a popular site of worship. Not just because of its beauty, though: As folklore goes, the well’s water is said to have magical properties, from curing ailments to never freezing in winter. Of course science may well disprove these stories…but then again!

9. Hill of Slane, County Meath

As missions go, Patrick’s plan to convert Celtic pagans in Ireland was not always a popular one. Once, when Druids were celebrating a pagan feast with the ritual Bealtaine fire on the Hill of Tara, County Meath, Patrick chose to defy the reigning High King by lighting his own unquenchable paschal fire on the neighboring Hill of Slane. Did Patrick suffer for his insolence? Amazingly, no. To answer for his actions, Patrick performed feats and miracles to prove to the King that the Christian God was far more powerful than the pagan god, using the three-leafed shamrock as an example of Christianity. Although the High King didn’t become a convert, he allowed Patrick to continue on his mission through Ireland.

10. Croagh Patrick, County Mayo

Nothing could illustrate the enormity of St Patrick’s impact on Ireland than the annual pilgrimage by up to 3,000 people on the last Sunday of July (Reek Sunday) to the top of Croagh Patrick barefoot. Translating as “Patrick’s stack” in Irish, it was on this scree-covered mountain that Patrick, echoing Christ’s travails in the desert, fasted for 40 days during Lent. With shoes optional, the all-consuming effort to rise to its peak has been described by one pilgrim as a voyage of curiosity that ended with fulfillment and peace. What better testament to the island’s patron saint could you get?

Despite it being a millennia since Patrick first walked, baptised, hunted and herded his way into the hearts and minds of Ireland’s people, his presence can be felt everywhere. Retrace his steps can be that easy

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